The Federal Government has increased the tax on cigarettes by 30 per cent as part of its control measures against public health.
Minister of State for Health, Olorunnimbe Mamora, disclosed this on Tuesday while delivering his remark at the launch of the Tobacco Control Data Initiative Dashboard in Abuja.
A 2012 Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS), states that 5.6 per cent (4.5 million) Nigerians of 15 years and older currently use tobacco products.
Mamora said about 3.9 per cent (3.1 million) of this figure are smokers in Nigeria today.
“With effect from 1st June 2022, the federal government of Nigeria has commenced implementation of a new three-year tobacco tax regime, which will end in 2024,” Mamora said. “This new regime increased the Ad-Valorem tax rate from 20% to 30%.”
Mamora also stated that as part of its pro-health tax, the price for a pack of 20 cigarettes will be increased from N58 to N8 while shisha will be taxed ₦3,000 per litre.
“In addition to the 30% ad-valorem, a specific excise rate has been increased from ₦58 to ₦84 per pack of 20 sticks of cigarette, and this will further be increased to ₦94 per pack in 2023; and then ₦104 per pack in 2024,” Mamora said.
“Also, Shisha is now taxed at the rate of ₦3,000 per litre and ₦1,000 per kilogram and this will be increased yearly by ₦500,”
“This pro-health tax is an effective public health control measure against behavioural risk factors.”
The minister said the result also found high and significant exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) during visits to public places with the prevalence of 82 per cent in bars or nightclubs, 36.3 per cent in coffee shops, 22.3 per cent in universities and 29.3 per cent in restaurants.
“The Tobacco Atlas 6th edition estimates that more than 26,800 annual deaths occur from tobacco-related diseases in Nigeria,” Mamora said.
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How to remove smegma from the penis
Smegma is a substance made up of oil and dead skin cells. It can accumulate under the foreskin in uncircumcised males or around the folds of the labia in females.
It’s not a sign of a sexually transmitted infection, and it’s not a serious condition.
Left untreated, smegma can cause an odor or in some cases, harden and lead to irritation in the genitals.
According to healthline, the simplest way to remove smegma is to adjust your personal hygiene routine.
In men, that means properly cleaning your genitals, including around and under your foreskin.
Your body produces a lubricant to help the foreskin retract. That lubricant can build up under your foreskin along with other natural oils, dead skin cells, dirt, and bacteria. That’s why this condition is less common in circumcised males.
Properly cleaning your genitals is the easiest way to remove smegma.
1. Gently pull back your foreskin. If the smegma has hardened, you may not be able to pull it back all the way. Don’t force it, as that can cause pain and tear the skin, which could lead to infection.
2. Use a mild soap and warm water to wash the area that’s usually covered by your foreskin. Avoid harsh scrubbing, as that can irritate the sensitive skin. If the smegma has hardened, gently rubbing oil on the area before cleaning it may help loosen up the accumulation.
3. Thoroughly rinse off all the soap and then gently pat the area dry.
4. Pull your foreskin back over the tip of your genital.
5. Repeat this daily until the smegma disappears.
It’s important to avoid scraping the smegma with sharp devices or cotton swabs. That can cause additional irritation.
If the smegma isn’t improving after a week of proper cleaning, or if it’s getting worse, see your doctor.
You should also see your doctor if your genital is red or inflamed. You may have an infection or another condition that requires medical treatment.
Must Read:16 Reasons to drink water often
What’s the big deal?
It’s common to hear that water is essential for your health. But why?
This substance makes up a majority of your body weight and is involved in many important functions, including:
flushing out waste from your body
regulating body temperature
helping your brain function
You get most of your water from drinking beverages, but food also contributes a small amount to your daily water intake.
Read on to learn more ways water can help improve your well-being.
1. It helps create saliva
Water is a main component of saliva. Saliva also includes small amounts of electrolytes, mucus, and enzymes. It’s essential for breaking down solid food and keeping your mouth healthy.
Your body generally produces enough saliva with regular fluid intake. However, your saliva production may decrease as a result of age or certain medications or therapies.
If your mouth is drier than usual and increasing your water intake isn’t helping, see your doctor.
2. It regulates your body temperature
Staying hydrated is crucial to maintaining your body temperature. Your body loses water through sweat during physical activity and in hot environments.
Your sweat keeps your body cool, but your body temperature will rise if you don’t replenish the water you lose. That’s because your body loses electrolytes and plasma when it’s dehydrated.
If you’re sweating more than usual, make sure you drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration.
3. It protects your tissues, spinal cord, and joints
Water consumption helps lubricate and cushion your joints, spinal cord, and tissues. This will help you enjoy physical activity and lessen discomfort caused by conditions like arthritis.
4. It helps excrete waste through perspiration, urination, and defecation
Your body uses water to sweat, urinate, and have bowel movements.
Sweat regulates body temperature when you’re exercising or in warm temperatures. You need water to replenish the lost fluid from sweat.
You also need enough water in your system to have healthy stool and avoid constipation.
Your kidneys are also important for filtering out waste through urination. Adequate water intake helps your kidneys work more efficiently and helps to prevent kidney stones.
5. It helps maximize physical performance
Drinking plenty of water during physical activity is essential. Athletes may perspire up to 6 to 10 percentTrusted Source of body weight during physical activity.
Hydration also affects your strength, power, and endurance.
You may be more susceptible to the effects of dehydration if you’re participating in endurance training or high-intensity sports such as basketball.
Negative effects of exercise in the heat without enough water can include serious medical conditions, like decreased blood pressure and hyperthermia. Extreme dehydration can cause seizures and even death.
6. It helps prevent constipation
Eating fiber isn’t the only way to prevent constipation. It’s also important to maintain your water intake so your bowel movements contain enough water.
If you don’t consume enough water, magnesium, and fiber, you may be more likely to experience constipation.
If you’re already constipated, you may find that drinking carbonated waterTrusted Source as well as plain water can help ease your symptoms.
7. It aids in digestion
Contrary to what some believe, experts confirm drinking water before, during, and after a meal will help your body break down the food you eat more easily. This will help you digest food more effectively and get the most out of your meals.
Research showsTrusted Source the body adapts to changes in the consistency of food and stomach contents, whether more solid or more liquid.
8. It helps with nutrient absorption
In addition to helping with food breakdown, water also helps dissolve vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients from your food. It then delivers these vitamin components to the rest of your body for use.
9. It helps you lose weight
Studies have linked body fat and weight loss with drinking water in both overweight girlsTrusted Source and womenTrusted Source. Drinking more water while dieting and exercising may just help you lose extra pounds.
10. It improves blood oxygen circulation
Water carries helpful nutrients and oxygen to your entire body. Reaching your daily water intake will improve your circulation and have a positive impact on your overall health.
11. It helps fight off illness
Drinking enough water can help prevent certain medical conditionsTrusted Source. These include:
urinary tract infection
Water also helps you absorb important vitamins, minerals, and nutrients from your food, which will increase your chances of staying healthy.
12. It helps boost energy
Drinking water may activate your metabolism. A boost in metabolism has been associated with a positive impact on energy level.
One study found that drinking 500 milliliters of water boosted the metabolic rate by 30 percent in both men and women. These effects appeared to last over an hour.
13. It aids in cognitive function
Proper hydration is key to staying in tip-top cognitive shape. ResearchTrusted Source indicates that not drinking enough water can negatively impact your focus, alertness, and short-term memory.
14. It helps improve mood
Not getting enough water can also affect your mood. Dehydration may result in fatigue and confusion as well as anxiety.
15. It helps keep skin bright
Adequate water intake will help keep your skin hydrated and may promote collagen production. However, water intake alone isn’t enough to reduce the effects of aging. This process is also connected to your genes and overall sun protection.
16. It prevents overall dehydration
Dehydration is the result of your body not having enough water. And because water is imperative to so many bodily functions, dehydration can be very dangerous.
Severe dehydration can result in a number of severe complications, including:
swelling in your brain
Make sure you drink enough water to make up for what’s lost through sweat, urination, and bowel movements to avoid dehydration.
How much should you drink?
Being attentive to the amount of water you drink each day is important for optimal health. Most people drink when they’re thirsty, which helps regulate daily water intake.
According to the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, general water intake (from all beverages and foods) that meet most people’s needs are:
about 15.5 cups of water (125 ounces) each day for men
about 11.5 cups (91 ounces) daily for women
People get about 20 percent of their daily water intake from food. The rest is dependent on drinking water and water-based beverages. So, ideally men would consume about 100 ounces (3.0 liters) of water from beverages, and women, about 73 ounces (2.12 liters) from beverages.
You’ll have to increase your water intake if you’re exercising or living in a hotter region to avoid dehydration.
Other ways to assess hydration include your thirst and the color of your urine. Feeling thirsty indicates your body is not receiving adequate hydration. Urine that is dark or colored indicates dehydration. Pale or non-colored urine typically indicates proper hydration.
The bottom line
Water is important to nearly every part of your body. Not only will hitting your daily recommended intake help you maintain your current state of being, it may even improve your overall health.
Here are some ideas for how you can be sure you drink enough:
Carry a water bottle with you wherever you go. This way you can drink whenever the need strikes.
Keep track of your intake. Aim to take in optimum amounts every day, a minimum of half your body weight in ounces.
Pace yourself to approach half of your recommended consumption by midday. You can always finish about an hour before you plan to sleep.
Pyrates donate blood to boost blood banks in Lagos
The Mainland Chapter of The National Association of Seadogs (Pyrates Confraternity) under its NAS Medical Mission has donated blood to boost blood banks in Lagos. The exercise which took place on the 3rd of October 2022, and was carried out simultaneously at two government-owned hospitals, which are:
– 68 Nigerian Army Reference Hospital, Yaba, and
– National Orthopedic Hospital, Igbobi, Lagos
This attracted over 50 Pyrates, some of whom came with their wives and colleagues.
The Capoon of Zanas Deck Lagos, Mr. Nnamdi Agulonu, who led other members to the blood donation exercise, said the association heeded the intent to save lives, and this is the organisation second time in a roll carrying this blood donation exercise. The blood donation program is organized in fulfilment of one of the four compass points of NAS-For Humanistic ideals and this is designed to run twice in a year. Mr. Nnamdi stressed that the two government-owned hospitals that benefited from this exercise were chosen due to the peculiar nature of Lagos and the volume of accident and emergency patients that are being rushed into these facilities daily. We have identified this societal pain point and are prepared to contribute to humanity’s uplift by making sure that every 6 months we will have our members do the blood donation within our immediate locality.
Chief Medical Directors of both health institutions while commending members of the Zanas Deck of the National Association of Seadogs (Pyrates Confraternity), for the kind gesture reminded Nigerians on the need to donate blood for indigent Nigerians. They said, blood donors assist patients of all ages, including accident and burn victims, heart surgery and organ transplant patients, and cancer patients. The 68 Nigerian Army Reference Hospital, Yaba and The National Orthopedic Hospital, Igbobi, Lagos.
Dr. Mrs Mulikat Badru Consultant haematologist who represented the Chief Medical Director of the The National Orthopedic Hospital, Igbobi, Lagos., urged other public-spirited organisations to emulate NAS and donate blood to the hospital.
Colonel Ayeni while explaining that the 68 Nigerian Army Reference Hospital, Yaba because of its location in a central area is inundated with a huge traffic of patients that need emergency blood transfusion, particularly bone operation stressed that the blood donated by members of NAS would go a long way in saving lives in emergency cases.
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